Here are 5 simple Python recursive functions that will get you started with the practicing recursion.
These are exercise problems taken from the book - Data Structures and Algorithms in Python Michael H. Goldwasser, Michael T. Goodrich, and Roberto Tamassia
Write a short recursive Python function that finds the minimum and maximum values in a sequence without using any loops.
The idea here is to split the list of numbers into two halves and recursively call the function on each of them and making a comparison until you have a list containing only one number in which case you just return the number.
# Recursive algorithm for finding maximum number in
# a array.
l = len(nums)
if l == 1:
m1 = maximum_in_list(nums[0:l//2])
m2 = maximum_in_list(nums[l//2:l])
if m1 > m2:
Describe a recursive algorithm to compute the integer part of the base-two logarithm of n using only addition and integer division.
The idea here is to recursively call the function while dividing the number by 2. Returning 0 if the number is less than 2 or return 1 if the number is equal to 2.
# Recursive algorithm to compute
# integer part of base 2 logarithm of n.
if n < 2:
if n == 2:
return 1 + log_base2(n//2)
Write a short recursive Python function that takes a character string and outputs its reverse.
This is a little hard to explain for me. The idea here is to get to the last character of the string by recursively calling the function where the 2 inputs are the first character of the string and the rest of the string. Once we get to the last character, we concatenate the inputs and return the result.
# Recursive function to reverse a string.
def get_reversed_string(string_a, string_b):
## check if string_b
## is the last letter of the string.
if len(string_b) == 1:
return string_b + string_a
return get_reversed_string(string_b, string_b[1:]) + string_a
return get_reversed_string(string, string[1:])
Write a short recursive Python function that determines if a string is a palindrome
The idea is pretty straightforward once you figured out how to reverse a string.
# Recursive function to check
# if a string is a palindrome
if string == reverse_string(string):
Use recursion to write a Python function for determining if a string s has more vowels than consonants.
The idea here is to split the string into two halves just like I did finding the maximum number in a list, in the very first program above. Once the string has only one character I will check whether it is a vowel or not, and thus the results get added up recursively.
# Python function for determining if a
# string has
# more vowels than consonants.
l = len(string)
if l == 1:
if string.lower() in ['a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u']:
vowels_a = count_vowels(string[0:l//2])
vowels_b = count_vowels(string[l//2:l])
return vowels_a + vowels_b
vowels = count_vowels(string)
if vowels > len(string) - vowels:
Thanks for reading, let me know your thoughts or share your favorite recursive programs.